Global Health Research and Policy

Kishor Wasan

October 21, 2022

Characteristics of Inspiring Leaders

Global health research and policy is an important area of international public policy. There are many factors to consider when designing a policy framework, and this article outlines three of the most critical issues. Topics covered include issues related to Academia’s role in global health research, Methods for evaluating the impact of health research, and the role of media in international health research and policy.

Issues in global health research

Global health research is critical in eradicating health disparities that plague many people in low and middle-income countries. Inequalities in health are mainly due to structural determinants of health, which need to be addressed to improve the health of all people worldwide. For example, eradicating poverty could significantly reduce the global burden of disease. Furthermore, addressing illnesses that disproportionately affect poor people would spur health development in many countries.

The Department of Global Health hosts several centres and research groups focused on specific global health issues. You can learn more about the work of these groups and the faculty members who are part of them by visiting their websites. By exploring their work, you can better understand the many challenges facing the world’s poorest populations.

Many countries have their priorities and policies related to global health. For example, the United States Congress oversees international health efforts and approves the appointments of U.S. officials to critical positions. It also funds and implements bilateral programs with 70 low and middle-income countries. These programs generally operate in specific countries and often involve several U.S. agencies.

One of the most important goals of global health research is developing a worldwide strategy for addressing health problems. This requires combining research findings with local solutions. Ideally, the outcomes of global research should guide policy development and the delivery of health services. In addition, the international investigation should be based on solid evidence.

Academia’s role in global health research

Academia plays a significant role in global health research and policy, advancing knowledge about the disease and its prevention. For example, basic research has led to new vaccines and improved patient care, while studies into the determinants of health have revealed how social factors affect health. Yet, too little funding is dedicated to prevention research and translating research findings into practice.

As the world becomes more interdependent, the role of Academia in global health research and policy is increasingly important. Academic partnerships are becoming more critical as the United Nations and the post-2015 development agenda increase efforts to improve health outcomes. Some UN agencies have appointed renowned academic advisors to move their aid effectiveness agenda from theory to practice.

Global health research and policy should be driven by the desire to address equity in health. Many diseases and health inequalities result from entrenched systems and must be addressed. For example, eliminating poverty will reduce the global burden of many diseases. And because many conditions affect the poor, addressing the causes of poverty can accelerate health development in many countries. A PhD in global health might examine how to eradicate poverty, one of the leading causes of disease.

Global health research and policy require the skills and knowledge of highly skilled public health professionals. Those with this background will be better positioned to design effective interventions for global health issues. They will also have the technical and cultural expertise to work in an ever-changing environment.

Methods for evaluating the impact of research

Methods for evaluating the impact of global health research and policy have three main components. They include causality, effectiveness, and measurement. The impact criteria are designed to establish the causal relationship between research and impact. The type of impact is also essential. Some methods are better suited to specific impact categories.

Methods for evaluating the impact of global health research and policy are critical components of improving global health programs. They address a variety of global health challenges and address evidence-based interventions. These methods often require interdisciplinary collaboration to achieve the intended goals. They also need multiple methods to ensure that the interventions are effective and sustainable.

Statistical methods can be used to identify biases and provide quantitative assessments of impacts. For example, pre-post estimates often attribute effects to intervention in extensive population studies. However, time-dependent trends in outcomes require new methods. One such method is the difference-in-difference method.

The growing body of research and health policy in low-income countries has increased the need to monitor the impact of research and policy investments. Funders of global health research, including the United Kingdom Medical Research Council, the United States Agency for International Development, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, have recognized the importance of measuring the impact of research in LMICs.